History[ edit ] Interactive computing technology was primarily conceived by academics, but the use of technology in education has historically been defined by contemporary research trends. The earliest instances of software in instruction drilled students using the behaviorist method that was popular throughout the mid-twentieth century. In the s as cognitivism gained traction with educators, designers began to envision learning technology that employed artificial intelligence models that could adapt to individual learners.
Computer Support of Collaborative Authoring One aspect of Groupware of particular interest here is support of collabortion in authoring. The technology should support, not control collaboration[ 37 ]. Focusing on single writing activities will lead to a collaborative system that is inappropriate for the task[ 53 ].
Mandviwalla and Olfman[ 45 ] view group support in terms of people, environment, and task. Ellis, Gibbs, and Rein[ 15 ] see support for group interaction including communication, collaboration, coordination. Dillon[ 1 ] identifies the need for better communication mechanisms.
Ede and Lunsford[ 39 ] note that in creating a document, coordination is critical. Fish[ 63 ] suggests social roles, such as primary author, commenter, and reader, to assist individual collaborators in reducing coordination problems.
Support for cognitive aspects of collaborative writing include both individual and group authoring activities. Another group activity is the formation of sub-groups. Support for sub-groups may include sub-group only access, authoring, and communication privileges.
Software must support a range of writing strategies[ 50860 ]. In general, the system designer needs to provide an appropriate view of documents[ 38 ] and also provides facilities to directly modify or alter the text. Commenting is a major activity for communication within authoring groups and between readers and such groups.
Collaboration supports include social interaction support among co-authors and commenters, and cognitive support for co-authoring and external commenting.
This implies the ability to identify commentor or revisors. This concept also relates to generations of the same documents and management of previous versions.
Multiple items of interest should be viewable simultaneously. This would facilitate the communication of goals as well as the management of some constraints in writing process.
Computer support should also reduce cognitive load of authoring and collaboration activities. These concerns should been addressed in collaborative authoring systems. Collaborative Authoring and Technical Writing provides details on collaborative authoring.Request Article PDF | Computer supported collaborative writing in an early learning classroom | Citations: 51 | Abstract This paper describes a collaborative experiment in an early learners' classroom, equipped with special software and hardware to support the acquisition of initial reading and writing skills.
The case-based computer-supported collaborative learning environment was deployed during the course titled “Effective Communication,” offered in 4 th semester to students majoring in Turkish Language Education at Uşak.
Collaborative learning exercises—such as peer review workshops, collaborative research assignments, group presentations, collaborative papers and discussion groups—are important components of our writing classrooms because they encourage active learning, giving students the opportunity to become more deeply engaged with their writing.
Computer-based Authoring Systems To effectively design a system to support collaborative authoring, one must understand, not only the writing process, but also the collaboration aspect. Eason [ 37 ] believes that technology for collaborative authoring should support, not control and manipulate collaboration.
Computer-supported collaborative learning survey systems, and simple message boards. Like collaborative writing, technology-mediated discourse allows participants that may be separated by time and distance to engage in conversations and build knowledge together.
especially if activities being completed are text-based. During. Computer supported collaborative learning – CSCL is the most competent innovation of modern world that is aimed at improving the process of teaching and learning by helping it through the modern communication technology.