Not only was the Chinese script adopted for the written language in these countries, but some writers adopted the Chinese language as their chief literary medium, at least before the 20th century. The graphic nature of the written aspect of the Chinese language has produced a number of noteworthy effects upon Chinese literature and its diffusion:
Temple Architecture Image Source: The distinct architectural style of temple construction in different parts was a result of geographical, climatic, ethnic, racial, historical and linguistic diversities. Ancient Indian temples are classified in three broad types.
This classification is based on different architectural styles, employed in the construction of the temples. Three main style of temple architecture are the Nagara or the Northern style, the Dravida or the Southern style and the Vesara or Mixed style. But at the same time, there are also some regional styles of Bengal, Kerala and the Himalayan areas.
One Cultural linguistic diversities part of the ancient Indian temples was their decoration.
It is reflected in the multitude details of figured sculpture as well as in the architectural elements. Another important component of Indian temples was the garbha-griha or the womb chamber, housing the deity of the temple. The garbha-griha was provided with a circumambulation passage around.
However, there are also many subsidiary shrines within temple complexes, more common in the South Indian temple. In the initial stages of its evolution, the temples of North and South India were distinguished on the basis of some specific features like sikhara and gateways.
In the north Indian temples, the sikhara remained the most prominent component while the gateway was generally unassuming. The most prominent features of South Indian temples were enclosures around the temples and the Gopurams huge gateways. The Gopurams led the devotees into the sacred courtyard.
There were many common features in the Northern and the Southern styles. These included the ground plan, positioning of stone-carved deities on the outside walls and the interior, and the range of decorative elements. Design The very essence of a Hindu temple is believed to have developed from the ideology that all things are one and everything is associated.
The four essential and significant principles which are also aims of human life according to Indian philosophy are the quests for artha - wealth and prosperity; kama - sex and pleasure; dharma - moral life and virtues; and moksha - self knowledge and realisation.
The mathematically structured spaces, intricate artworks, decorated and carved pillars and statues of Hindu temples illustrate and revere such philosophies.
A hollow space without any embellishments situated at the centre of the temple, usually below the deity, may also be at the side or above the deity symbolises the complex concept of Purusha or Purusa meaning the Universal principle, Consciousness, the cosmic man or self without any form, however, omnipresent and associates all things.
The Hindu temples suggest contemplations, encouragement and further purification of mind and prompt the process of self-realisation in devotees; however the preferred process is left to the convention of individual devotees.
Site The areas of Hindu temple sites are usually vast with many of them built near water bodies, in the lap of nature. These places exhibiting peace and tranquillity are recommended by the texts for building Hindu temples elucidating that Gods reside in such places.
In the absence of both natural and man-made water bodies, water remains typically present during consecration of the deity or the Mandir.
Part III of Chapter 93 of the Hindu text Vishnudharmottara Purana also recommends building of temples within caves and chiselled out stones; atop hills amidst spectacular and serene views; within hermitages and forests; beside gardens; and at the upper end of a street of a town.
Layout Layout of a Hindu temple pursues a geometrical design known as vastu-purusha-mandala, the name of which is derived from the three vital components of the design namely Vastu meaning Vaas or a place of dwelling; Purusha, meaning the Universal principle; and Mandala meaning circle.
Vastupurushamandala is a mystical diagram referred in Sanskrit as a Yantra. The symmetrical and self-repeating model of a Hindu temple demonstrated in the design is derived from the primary convictions, traditions, myths, fundamentality and mathematical standards.Identification.
Switzerland's name originates from Schwyz, one of the three founder cantons.
The Department promotes and celebrates the value of cultural, religious, racial and linguistic diversity and recognises that education and early childhood development is critical to . Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay. The phrase cultural diversity can also refer to having different cultures respect each other's differences. Purpose and Goals of the Standards. The following standards were developed by the Racial and Ethnic Diversity Committee of ACRL (Association of College & Research Libraries), based on the National Association of Social Workers Standards for Cultural Competence in Social Work Practice. 1 The standards are intended to emphasize the need and obligation to serve and advocate for racial and.
The name Helvetia derives from a Celtic tribe called Helvetians that settled in the region in the second century B.C. Switzerland is a federation of twenty-six states called cantons (six are considered half cantons). Cultural diversity is the quality of diverse or different cultures, as opposed to monoculture, the global monoculture, or a homogenization of cultures, akin to cultural decay.
The phrase cultural diversity can also refer to having different cultures respect each other's differences. Linguistic and Cultural Diversity - Building on America's Strengths Reprinted with permission from the National Association for the Education of Young Children. MOST is UNESCO’s intergovernmental science programme on social transformations.
MOST works with governments, social and human science communities and civil societies to improve connections between knowledge and action, connections that are one key to positive social change. Cultural diversity is stated “as necessary for humankind as biodiversity is for nature” (Article 1).
This principle should be understood not only in terms of economic growth but also as a means to achieve a more satisfactory intellectual, emotional, moral and spiritual existence (Article 3).
Nigeria Table of Contents. THE STORY OF NIGERIA during the postcolonial era has been one of a search for the constitutional and political arrangement that, while allowing for the self-expression of its socially and culturally diverse peoples, would not hinder the construction of a nation out of this mosaic.