While the engineers are keeping busy on the programming aspects of WatchKit, designers should start focusing on the important UX facets of designing Watch apps. The screen is touch-sensitive, and while gestures are not supported, pressure-sensitive touch is included to distinguish between tap and hold. In this article we will go through five important design principles for Apple Watch, touching on both UX and UI, to help guide designers in producing optimally-designed wearable apps.
Know the general inputs into each P-O-L-C dimension. While drawing from a variety of academic disciplines, and to help managers respond to the challenge of creative problem solving, principles of management have long been categorized into the four major functions of planning, organizing, leading, and controlling the P-O-L-C framework.
The four functions, summarized in the P-O-L-C figure, are actually highly integrated when carried out in the day-to-day realities of running an organization.
Therefore, you should not get caught up in trying to analyze and understand a complete, clear rationale for categorizing skills and practices that compose the whole of the P-O-L-C framework. It is important to note that this framework is not without criticism. Specifically, these criticisms stem from the observation that the P-O-L-C functions might be ideal but that they do not accurately depict the day-to-day actions of actual managers.
The typical day in the life of a manager at any level can be fragmented and hectic, with the constant threat of having priorities dictated by the law of the trivial many and important few i. However, the general conclusion seems to be that the P-O-L-C functions of management still provide a very useful way of classifying the activities managers engage in as they attempt to achieve organizational goals.
Planning requires that managers be aware of environmental conditions facing their organization and forecast future conditions. It also requires that managers be good decision makers.
Planning is a process consisting of several steps. The process begins with environmental scanning The act of analyzing the critical external contingencies facing an organization in terms of economic conditions, competitors, and customers. Planners must then attempt to forecast future conditions.
These forecasts form the basis for planning. Planners must establish objectives, which are statements of what needs to be achieved and when. Planners must then identify alternative courses of action for achieving objectives.
After evaluating the various alternatives, planners must make decisions about the best courses of action for achieving objectives.
They must then formulate necessary steps and ensure effective implementation of plans. Finally, planners must constantly evaluate the success of their plans and take corrective action when necessary.
There are many different types of plans and planning. Strategic planning The process of analyzing competitive opportunities and threats, as well as the strengths and weaknesses of the organization, and then determining how to position the organization to compete effectively in its environment.
Strategic planning has a long time frame, often three years or more. Strategic planning generally includes the entire organization and includes formulation of objectives.
Tactical planning Intermediate-range planning that is designed to develop relatively concrete and specific means to implement the strategic plan. Middle-level managers often engage in tactical planning.
Operational planning Assumes the existence of goals and objectives and specifies ways to achieve them. Operational planning is short-range less than a year planning that is designed to develop specific action steps that support the strategic and tactical plans.
Organizing Organizing is the function of management that involves developing an organizational structure and allocating human resources to ensure the accomplishment of objectives.
The structure of the organization is the framework within which effort is coordinated. The structure is usually represented by an organization chart, which provides a graphic representation of the chain of command within an organization.
Organizing also involves the design of individual jobs within the organization.Apple CEO Tim Cook has a managerial style could be broadly defined as democratic. Rather than standing in complete contrast to former Apple CEO Steve .
Leading Apple With Steve Jobs: Management Lessons From a Controversial Genius [Jay Elliot] In LeadingApple with Steve Jobs, Jay details the management principles helearned from Steve—and what every manager can learn aboutmotivating people to do the best work of their benjaminpohle.coms: Nike’s 11 Management Maxims “It is our nature to innovate.”The company sees innovation as one of its core organizational competencies.
“Nike is a company.” “Nike is a brand.”The. Apple Inc implements Total Quality Management with the commitment and support from the top management by maintaining a customer centric focus in all of its services, products and processes.
The organization built this empire by sustaining the Four Basic Values establish from its conception. marketing principles, marketing strate gy, strategic management, and corporate entrepreneurship classes.
The purpose of this case is to illustrate to students one approach to. Apple Computer Inc. is known for its innovative and proprietary hardware and software and has made great achievements in recent years.
In , a study by Qumer () revealed that, Apple topped Fortune Magazines’ most admired companies list for the second consecutive year and also has received a top rank in innovation and people’s management.