Flannery OConnor Free Literature: We are neither affiliated with the author of this essay nor responsible for its content. Flannery OConnor, use the professional writing service offered by our company. However, if one re-reads the story a second time, one will see definite signs that foreshadow the grotesque ending.
But neither the incomprehension of critics nor a series of devastating illnesses that made the last fifteen years of her life a time of great suffering could prevent her from preserving the integrity of her vision or from creating a body of work that, however slender in bulk, places her securely in the first rank of American fiction writers of the twentieth century.
She was the only child of Edward O'Connor, Jr. Upon her birth, a gift from a relative enabled her father to open his own real estate office. The O'Connors were Catholics in an area that was overwhelmingly Protestant, and Flannery was educated in a series of parochial schools.
Inher father, whose business had suffered during the Depression, began working as a real estate appraiser for the Federal Housing Authority, an appointment that required the family to relocate in Atlanta. In the fall of that year, O'Connor and her mother went to live in at the Cline family home in Milledgeville, while her father's work kept him in the city.
Her father had also begun to suffer from lupus, an arthritis-related disease that destroys the body's connective tissue, which took his life on February 1, From toO'Connor attended Peabody High School in Milledgeville, and wrote and drew cartoons for the school newspaper. From toshe attended Georgia State College for Women, only one block from her home.
Majoring in English and sociology, she earned her bachelor of arts degree in It was during her college years that she dropped her first name and began signing her work Flannery O'Connor. From toshe did postgraduate work at the famous Iowa Writers' Workshop, where she undertook a formal course of reading that introduced her to the work of modern writers such as Joyce, Kafka, and her fellow Southerner William Faulkner.
Toward the end of this period, after several years of unsuccessful attempts at publication, her fiction began to be accepted both by popular magazines such as Mademoiselle and by more intellectually oriented journals such as The Sewanee Review.
She also won the Rinehart-Iowa Fiction Award for her novel in progress. There she met the poet Robert Lowell, through whom she came to know the poet and translator Robert Fitzgerald. As she strove to complete her novel, she became a paying guest at the home of Fitzgerald and his family in Ridgefield, Connecticut.
Friction developed with Rinehart when O'Connor refused to revise her book according to the publisher's editorial suggestions, and she resented Rinehart's characterization of her as uncooperative.
She obtained her release from the agreement, and in October signed a contract with Harcourt, Brace. Shortly before leaving for home that December for a Christmas visit, she began to suffer pains in her arms and shoulder joints, and then developed a high fever on the train to Georgia.
She was hospitalized on her arrival and diagnosed with lupus, the disease that had killed her father, although she would not be informed of the diagnosis for over a year. Her medical condition would fluctuate over the remaining years of her life, and never again would she be completely healthy, but through cortisone therapy and a restricted diet she recovered sufficiently to resume work on her novel.
Robert Giroux, her editor at Harcourt, sent her novel, which was now titled Wise Blood, to the novelist Caroline Gordon, who offered extensive comments and recommendations, in the light of which O'Connor made further revisions.
In contrast to her experience with Rinehart, she was quite responsive--and would remain so throughout her life--to insights from those who understood what she was trying to do and could help her see her way to achieving it, as opposed to those who, out of misunderstanding, sought to make her work more conventional.
Wise Blood was published in the spring ofto mixed reviews.
It told the story of Hazel Motes, a young Army veteran who tries to resist what he feels to be his calling to be a preacher and who finds himself involved in an increasingly bizarre series of adventures. Throughout her life, O'Connor was a devout, if not entirely orthodox, Catholic--in she would make a pilgrimage to Lourdes, and then go on to Rome, where she met Pope Pius XII--but her fiction usually focused upon mainstream Southern whites who professed a Protestant faith of fundamentalist and often highly idiosyncratic tendencies.
Also inO'Connor began an activity that would become one of the great pleasures and passions of her life, one that grew to be closely associated with her in the minds of those who knew her well--the raising of peacocks and peahens.
This collection was praised by reviewers, and it sold unexpectedly well for a book of short fiction. Despite continuing health problems, including joint deterioration in one hip and later in her jaws, O'Connor continued living and working with her mother on their family farm, visiting and corresponding with a great number of friends, writing more than one hundred book reviews for local Catholic publications, and bringing her second novel, The Violent Bear It Away, to completion.
Like its predecessor, it concerned a man who feels fated to become a preacher, does all that he can to avoid that fate, and finally achieves transcendence through an act of violence. She predicted that the book would be misunderstood and "pounced on and torn limb from limb" by the reviewers, and it did in fact meet with a mixed reception upon its publication in She was especially incensed by what she called "a revolting review" in Time, which brought up her illness in connection with her work.
O'Connor saw her reputation consolidated in the early s with the appearance of several essays on her fiction in the Summer issue of the Sewanee Review and the publication of her three books the following year in a one-volume paperback edition called Three by Flannery O'Connor.
At the end ofshe once again suffered a pre-Christmas attack of ill health, a fainting spell that led to the diagnosis of a fibroid tumor, which was surgically removed in February Suffering from a post-operative kidney infection and fearing the worst, she devoted her remaining strength to finishing the last two of the nine stories planned for her forthcoming collection, Everything That Rises Must Converge.
When the book appeared init was a posthumous publication. O'Connor had died of kidney failure on August 3,at the age of thirty-nine.
In the carefully crafted prose of the two novels and nineteen short stories that she deemed worthy of book publication, she created a gallery of fantastic-seeming but deeply felt and sympathetic characters, in whose stories the humorous often gives way with sickening swiftness to the horrible, and whose lives, however twisted and tortured they may become, remain steadfast searches for the healing power of grace.Essays such as "The Nature and Aim of Fiction" and "Writing Short Stories" are widely seen as benjaminpohle.com bold and brilliant essay-collection is a must for all readers, writers, and students of contemporary American literature.
Join now to read essay Violence Leading to Redemption in Flannery O’connor’s Literature Violence Leading to Redemption in Flannery O’Connor’s Literature Flannery O’Connor uses many of the same elements in almost all of her short stories.
The Use of Religion in Flannery O’Connor’s “A Good Man is Hard to Find” Flannery O'Connor is a Christian writer, and her work shows Christian themes of good and evil, grace, and salvation. O’Connor has challenged the theme of religion into all of her works largely because of .
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