Share1 Shares 28K Because of the sheer size of the war, many significant battles have become nearly forgotten because they a were relatively small in scale b took place outside of the three most well known fronts East, West and Pacific c achieved strategic goals instead of spectacular ones or d were overshadowed by larger battles taking place at the same time. This is a selection of 12 of the lesser known, but significant, battles and operations from The Second World War.
Capturing the city would cut Soviet transport links with southern Russia, and Stalingrad would then serve to anchor the northern flank of the larger German drive into the oil fields of the Caucasus.
In addition, siezing the city that bore the name of Soviet leader Joseph Stalin would serve as a great personal and propaganda victory for Adolf Hitler.
On June 28,operations began with significant German victories.
Battle of StalingradIn the Battle of Stalingrad —43the advancing Germans were finally stopped by the Red Army in desperate house-to-house fighting. From The Second World War: On July 9 Hitler altered his original plan and ordered the simultaenous capture of both Stalingrad and the Caucasus.
The division of forces placed tremendous pressure on an already-strained logistical support system. It also caused a gap between the two forces, allowing Soviet forces to escape encirclement and retreat to the east. Hitler intervened in the operation again and reassigned Gen.
Stalin and the Soviet high command responded to the summer offensive by forming the Stalingrad Front with the Sixty-second, Sixty-third, and Sixty-fourth Armies, under Marshal Semyon Timoshenko.
While the initial Soviet response to Fall Blau was to maintain an orderly withdrawal and thus avoid the massive encirclements and troop losses that had characterized the early months of Operation Barbarossaon July 28 Stalin issued Order No.
For his part, Hitler continued to directly intervene at the operational level, and in August he ordered Hoth to turn around and head toward Stalingrad from the south. The Red Armyhowever, put up a determined resistanceyielding ground only very slowly and at a high cost to the Sixth Army as it approached Stalingrad.
The Soviet Sixty-second Army was pushed back into Stalingrad proper, where, under the command of Gen. Chuikovit made a determined stand. By mid-September the Germans had pushed the Soviet forces in Stalingrad back until the latter occupied only a 9-mile- km- long strip of the city along the Volga, and that strip was only 2 or 3 miles 3 to 5 km wide.
The Soviets had to supply their troops by barge and boat across the Volga from the other bank. At that point Stalingrad became the scene of some of the fiercest and most-concentrated fighting of the war; streets, blocks, and individual buildings were fought over by many small units of troops and often changed hands again and again.
The most-critical moment came when on October 14 the Soviet defenders had their backs so close to the Volga that the few remaining supply crossings of the river came under German machine-gun fire.
The Germans, however, were growing dispirited by heavy losses, fatigue, and the approach of winter. The turning point of the battle came with a huge Soviet counteroffensive, code-named Operation Uranus November 19—23which had been planned by Generals Georgy Konstantinovich ZhukovAleksandr Mikhailovich Vasilevsky, and Nikolay Nikolayevich Voronov.
It was launched in two spearheads, some 50 miles 80 km north and south of the German salient whose tip was at Stalingrad. The counteroffensive utterly surprised the Germans, who thought the Soviets incapable of mounting such an attack.
Those flanks were vulnerably exposed on the open steppes surrounding the city and were weakly defended by undermanned, undersupplied, overstretched, and undermotivated Romanian, Hungarian, and Italian troops.
The attacks quickly penetrated deep into the flanks, and by November 23 the two prongs of the attack had linked up at Kalach, about 60 miles km west of Stalingrad; the encirclement of the two German armies in Stalingrad was complete. Hitler declared that the Sixth Army would be supplied by the Luftwaffebut the air convoys could deliver only a fraction of the necessary supplies.
The Soviets then resumed the offensive Operation Saturn, begun on December 16 to shrink the pocket of encircled Germans, to head off any further relief efforts, and to set the stage for the final capitulation of the Germans in Stalingrad.
The Volga River was now frozen over solid, and Soviet forces and equipment were sent over the ice at various points within the city. Hitler exhorted the trapped German forces to fight to the death, going so far as to promote Paulus to field marshal and reminding Paulus that no German officer of that rank had ever surrendered.
With Soviet armies closing in as part of Operation Ring begun January 10,the situation was hopeless. The Sixth Army was surrounded by seven Soviet armies. On January 31 Paulus disobeyed Hitler and agreed to give himself up. Twenty-two generals surrendered with him, and on February 2 the last of 91, frozen starving men all that was left of the Sixth and Fourth armies surrendered to the Soviets.Jan 12, · The Battle of Stalingrad was a brutal military campaign between Russian forces and those of Nazi Germany and the Axis powers during World War .
Armor and Blood: The Battle of Kursk, The Turning Point of World War II [Dennis E. Showalter] on benjaminpohle.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. One of America’s most distinguished military historians offers the definitive account of the greatest tank battle of World War II—an epic clash of machines and men that matched the indomitable will of the Soviet Red Army against the awesome.
World War II (WWII or WW2), also called the second World War and, in the Soviet Union, the Great Patriotic War, was a global war involving fighting in many parts of the world and many benjaminpohle.com countries fought in the years – but some started fighting in Most of the world's countries, including all the great powers, fought as part of two military alliances: the Allies and.
The Battle of Stalingrad was one of the largest and deadliest battles in World War II. It was a turning point in the war. After losing the battle, the German army lost so many soldiers and took such a defeat that they never quite recovered.
Battle of Stalingrad: Battle of Stalingrad, successful Soviet defense of the city of Stalingrad that was a turning point in favor of the Allies in World War II. Russians consider it to be one of the greatest battles of their Great Patriotic War, and most historians consider it to be the greatest battle of the entire conflict.
Stalingrad, the decisive battle of World War II.
|The outbreak of war||Edit This section needs additional citations for verification.|
|Keep Exploring Britannica||The Volga River, which runs through the city, was also an important shipping route connecting the western part of the country with its distant eastern regions.|
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|Battle of Kursk: Germany's Lost Victory in World War II | HistoryNet||The climax of Operation Citadel, the Battle of Kursk, involved as many as 6, tanks, 4, aircraft and 2 million fighting men and is remembered as the greatest tank battle in history.|
By Arno Alarcon. The battle of Stalingrad was fought between the invading forces of Nazi Germany and the.