School enrollment has increased markedly and the maternal mortality rate has declined drastically. The caste system and historically regressive gender norms have made women and marginalized groups worse off than others. Targeting one million vulnerable Nepali people, USAID improves agricultural productivity and increases incomes through expanded access to quality seeds, credit and other inputs, market linkages, and training on modern farming practices. Our assistance takes interventions proven to reduce deaths of mothers and children and expands these practices across the country.
See Article History Alternative Titles: It is a landlocked country located between India to the east, south, and west and the Tibet Autonomous Region of China to the north.
Its territory extends roughly miles kilometres from east to west and 90 to miles from north to south. The capital is Kathmandu.
HimalayasThe Himalayas, northern Nepal. In the kingdom established a multiparty parliamentary system. Inhowever, after a decadelong period of violence and turbulent negotiation with a strong Maoist insurgency, the monarchy was dissolved, and Nepal was declared a democratic republic.
Wedged between two giants, India and China, Nepal seeks to keep a balance between the two countries in its foreign policy—and thus to remain independent. A factor that contributes immensely to the geopolitical importance of the country is the fact that a strong Nepal can deny China access to the rich Gangetic Plain; Nepal thus marks the southern boundary of the Chinese sphere north of the Himalayas in Asia.
As a result of its years of geographic and self-imposed isolation, Nepal is one of the least developed nations of the world.
The extent of foreign aid to Nepal has been influenced to a considerable degree by the strategic position of the country between India and China. The land Relief Nepal contains some of the most rugged and difficult mountain terrain in the world. Roughly 75 percent of the country is covered by mountains.
From the south to the north, Nepal can be divided into four main physical belts, each of which extends east to west across the country. The Tarai forms the northern extension of the Gangetic Plain and varies in width from less than 16 to more than 20 miles, narrowing considerably in several places.
A mile-wide belt of rich agricultural land stretches along the southern part of the Tarai; the northern section, adjoining the foothills, is a marshy region in which wild animals abound and malaria is endemic.
The Churia Rangewhich is sparsely populated, rises in almost perpendicular escarpments to an altitude of more than 4, feet. In many places they have been cleared of the forests and savanna grass to provide timber and areas for cultivation.
Except for scattered settlements in high mountain valleys, this entire area is uninhabited. The springwater often gushes out of dragon-shaped mouths of stone made by the Nepalese; it is then collected in tanks for drinking and washing and also for raising paddy nurseries in May, before the monsoon.
The watershed of these rivers lies not along the line of highest peaks in the Himalayas but to the north of it, usually in Tibet.
The rivers have considerable potential for development of hydroelectric power. A 60,kilowatt hydroelectric project at Kulekhani, funded by the World BankKuwaitand Japan, began operation in In the upper courses of all Nepalese rivers, which run through mountain regions, there are little or no flood problems.
In low-lying areas of the Tarai plain, however, serious floods occur. The rivers and small streams of the Tarai, especially those in which the dry season discharge is small, are polluted by large quantities of domestic waste thrown into them.
Towns and villages have expanded without proper provision for sewage disposal facilities, and more industries have been established at selected centres in the Tarai. Page 1 of Contains the electronic versions of 80 books previously published in hard copy as part of the Country Studies Series by the Federal Research Division.
Intended for a general audience, books in the series present a description and analysis of the historical setting and the social, economic, political, and national security systems and institutions of .
Nepal has been receiving foreign aid for over 60 years; generally running at fairly stable levels, currently worth over $1bn a year, contributing about a quarter of the government budget. One size does not fit all when it comes to aid.
Working together, U.S. government agencies can provide humanitarian aid and crisis assistance more effectively. A Country Development Cooperation Strategy (CDCS), typically a five-year strategy, defines a Mission's chosen approach in a country, providing the context for USAID .
Nepal now strives to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals and to graduate from least-developed country status. ADB's country partnership strategy for – supports the government's development objective of accelerated, sustainable, and inclusive economic growth.
Restless Development Nepal has been working with young people in 45 of the 71 administrative districts of Nepal since More than 70 staff support volunteers to deliver eight programmes with a focus on women and girl’s sexual rights, humanitarian mobilisation, and working with Lesbian Gay Bi-sexual Transgender Intersex .
Management Division (MD), Department of Health Services (DOHS) with the financial and technical support From ADRA Nepal organized four- day training on.