The so-called Wars of the Roses was the struggle between the Yorkist and Lancastrian descendants of Edward III for control of the throne and of local government. The origins of the conflict have been the subject of much debate. It can… Competing claims to the throne and the beginning of civil war Both houses claimed the throne through descent from the sons of Edward III. Since the Lancastrians had occupied the throne fromthe Yorkists might never have pressed a claim but for the near anarchy prevailing in the midth century.
Middle Ages Battles The Wars of the Roses is the name given to a series of civil wars that occurred over a space of three decades in England during the Middle Ages. The Wars of the Roses were fought between two opposing houses, the House of Lancaster also known as Lancastrians and the House of York also known as Yorkists.
Many people that are first becoming familiar with the Wars or the Roses ask why this particular series of civil wars has been given such a glamorous name. The Lancastrians represented themselves with a red rose The Yorkists represented themselves with a white rose.
There are a number of key individuals involved with the Wars of the Roses. Key Players Involved with the Wars of the Roses As the war involved two distinct houses, there are a number of individuals on each side that each played their own part in the Wars of the Roses.
In fact the true causes had been in development during the Hundred Years War. Edward III ruled from to Both the House of Lancaster and the House of York were factions that were made up of descendents, lords and nobles that each had their own vested interest in gaining the throne.
Members of both houses were direct descendents of King Edward III, giving both parties a sense of entitlement for the throne. The ruling Lancastrian king of the time, Henry VI, often suffered with mental health issues, sometimes rendering him completely unfit to rule.
He had also surrounded himself with nobles and individuals that were extremely unpopular, and the Hundred Years War had given rise to a number of powerful lords that had access to considerable resources, such as vast amounts of wealth and their own private armed forces.
Finally, the Hundred Years War had brought about a considerable amount of civil unrest. The long war had been very expensive and it had cost the public dearly. High taxes had been used to fund the war and needless to say that had not gone down well with an impoverished society, especially as the early English victories began giving way to an endless stream of defeats by the French.
England had been left economically devastated and morally damaged, and the last thing the country needed was an unfit king who could not rule. The House of Lancaster and the House of York were determined to make use of the opportunity and to solidify what was rightfully theirs. It ended just over 30 years later with the Battle of Stoke in This is a brief overview of the dates and places of the battles, including the name of the victorious party.
Richard of York led an army of approximately 3, Yorkists towards London. Henry VI had an army of approximately 2, soldiers that he moved from London to intercept Richard and his men, and the two clashed at St.
Battles and skirmishes were fought throughout England between the St. Albans battle and the next big battle at Northampton. Approximately 20, Yorkists and 10, Lancastrians stood ready to do battle.
Warwick gave the order to march north, in order to attack the Lancastrian army that was marching south from Coventry. The Lancastrian caught wind of the plans and decided to stop at Northampton to build up a defensive position.
This sudden change of allegiance during battle helped the Yorkist army seize the victory. King Henry VI was captured by the Yorkists during this battle in the summer months.
Henry VI suffered with his mental health during his captivity, and he agreed to appoint Richard as Regent of England. The Battle of Wakefield just a couple of months later would prove to be the undoing of Richard of York. Richard of York, having captured King Henry VI and practically securing his right the throne, travelled north with Richard Neville, the earl of Salisbury to tackle a large Lancastrian force that had chosen to assemble near the city of York.
Richard had accumulated a force of around 8, Yorkists to help hem defend against the Lancastrian army. Richard, upon reaching the area, made the tactical decision to take up a defensive position at Sandal Castle.
However, for some unknown reason, Richard then chose to leave his stronghold. He took his forces and directly attacked the Lancastrian force head on, even though at an estimated 18, troops the force was more than twice the size of his army. While Richard did his best and held out for some time, he was eventually overwhelmed and his forces were defeated by the Lancastrians.
The battle cost Richard more than his position, it cost him his life. In February and March of a number of battles were fought, most of which were won by the Yorkist forces. The Yorkist king remained in power for the next decade in what was a relatively peaceful time. A number of battles were fought, but the Yorkists were once again able to annihilate the Lancastrians.
Hedgley Moor — Yorkist victory Hexham — Yorkist victory Edgecote Moor — Lancastrian victory was the year that saw a turn of events that changed the odds out of the favour in to the Yorkists and back into the favour of the Lancastrians.
|Wars of the Roses - HISTORY||Neither side used a rose as its sole symbol. The Wars of the Roses take their name from the color of the roses—red for Lancaster and white for York—that each house supposedly used as their emblem.|
|Middle Ages Battles The Wars of the Roses is the name given to a series of civil wars that occurred over a space of three decades in England during the Middle Ages. The Wars of the Roses were fought between two opposing houses, the House of Lancaster also known as Lancastrians and the House of York also known as Yorkists.|
|War of the Roses||The Last Embers of the Wars The Wars of the Roses were a series of fairly brief civil wars fought between the Houses of York, Lancaster and eventually Tudor and their supporters. Although the Wars of the Roses lasted for thirty years most of this period was actually peaceful.|
Warwick and Clarence were forced to flee to France, where they formed an allegiance with Margaret of Anjou.1. The main players of the War between the Roses Henry VI became King of England at the young age of one, succeeding his father Henry V.
He was incapable of following in his mighty predecessor's footsteps. Fractions in the court dominated him all his life. The main players of the War between the Roses Lancastrian Henry VI became King of England at the young age of one, succeeding his father Henry V. He was incapable of following in his mighty predecessor's footsteps.
Although the Lancasters were nominally aligned behind King Henry VI, his ill health ensured that he was never a major player in the Wars of the Roses. The de facto leader of the Lancaster faction was instead his beautiful and cunning queen, Margaret of Anjou.
The Wars of the Roses is the name given to a series of civil wars that occurred over a space of three decades in England during the Middle Ages. The Wars of the Roses were fought between two opposing houses, the House of Lancaster (also known as Lancastrians) and the House of .
The Wars of the Roses () were a series of fairly brief civil wars fought between the Houses of York, Lancaster and eventually Tudor and their supporters. Wars of the Roses For other uses, see Wars of the Roses (disambiguation). The Wars of the Roses were a series of English civil wars for control of the throne of England fought between supporters of two rival branches of the royal House of Plantagenet: the House of Lancaster, associated with a red rose, and the House of York, whose symbol was a white rose.